Author (s): Herasymova E., Nishchymna S., Donii N.

Work place:

Gerasymova E.,

Grand PhD in Philosophy Sciences, Professor,

National Pedagogical Drahomanov University, Kyiv, Ukraine;

Nishchymna S.,

Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor

Head of the Department of Administrative, Civil and Economic Law and Process,

Academy of the State Penitentiary Service, Chernihiv, Ukraine;

Donii N. Ye.

Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, professor,

professor of department of Economic and social disciplines,

Academy of State Penitentiary Service, Chernihiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2019. № 2 (3): 30–44


Today, there are such realities that the amount of daily information a person faces with at the beginning of the 21st century is significantly larger than the appropriate one in the 20th century. However, in today’s world, there are a number of professions where the amount of daily information is significantly larger than that experienced by an average citizen. Such professions include law practitioners, and if an experienced lawyer has the necessary adaptive capacity and well-developed skills to evaluate information critically, then a lawyer who has just received a diploma does not have the proper level of such skills. It is natural that it makes certain tasks for the system of provision of educational services and persons receiving the profession of a lawyer.

The aim was to present a question as an important skill and, at the same time, a valuable tool for critical thinking of persons planning to work in the field of jurisprudence in future.

Results of the research. Critical thinking is essentially a reaction process. A person thinks not for the sake of a thinking process, but for the sake of getting the information to think about. It is possible solely through “questions-answers” in collaboration with the others. Therefore, the most important skill for critical thinking is the ability to ask questions and answer them. It is a skill that is at the same time a critical thinking tool because it satisfies a person’s need in quality of the received information and evidences that support or refuse the received information.

It is concluded that critical thinking is always an unfinished project, because new and new questions constantly raise. Every person almost constantly faces the need either to ask or to answer questions. A lawyer should do this not only in the context of his personal life, but perhaps even more so in his professional life. Question is an indicator of the ability to evaluate reality and is at the same time a tool for developing critical thinking.

Key words: information, questions, critical thinking, professional thinking, lawyer.


  1. Abramova, N. A. (2017), Legal dialogue: textbook, Norma, INFRA-M, Moscow.
  2. Zhalinskiy, A. E. (2009), Introduction to the specialty “Jurisprudence”. Professional activity of a lawyer, Prospect, Moscow.
  3. Lenert, U. (1985), “The problem of question-answer dialogue”, New in foreign linguistics, Vol. 14, рр. 238–280.
  4. Maksimova, N. V. (2018), “The answer in communicative culture”, Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University. Series History. Philology, Vol. 17, No. 6, рр. 108–115.
  5. Pavlov, D. L. Critical thinking. How important is this skill in management? URL:
  6. Shemelynets, I., Yakubovych, M. and Osinska, O. (2018), Knowledge and skills of the draduates of law faculties and higher educational establishments through the prism of matching labor market needs: тhe results of the analytical report, Kyiv.
  7. Legal argumentation. Logistic researches: сollective monograph (2012), Yurkevych, O. M. (Ed.), Kharkiv.
  8. Browne, M. N. and Stuart, M. K. (2007), Asking the right questions: a guide to critical thinking, New Jersey, Pearson Prentice Hall.
  9. King, A. (1994), Inquiry as a tool in critical thinking. Changing college classrooms: New teaching and learning strategies in an increasingly complex world, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.
  10. Paul, R. W. and Elder, L. (2002), Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal Life, New York, Financial Times Prentice Hall.
  11. Facione, P. A. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment and Instruction, Research Findings and Recommendations, available at: ED315423.pdf (accessed 05 September 2019).
  12. The 10 skills you need to thrive in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, available at: (accessed 04 September 2019).

|Full text .pdf

©2024. Penitentiary academy of Ukraine