Author (s): Vashchenko I.M.

Work place:

Vashchenko I.M.,

Associate Professor of the

Departments of Physical Training,

Penitentiary Academy of Ukraine

(Honcha St., 34, Chernihiv, 14000, Ukraine,


ORCID: 0000-0003-0236-2753


Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2024. № 1 (12): 62–69


The article is a study of the state of modern physical activity in higher education institutions of Ukraine. The author examines the problems of physical and psychological state of higher education students during theoretical classes.

The physical exercises described in the article have a comprehensive approach and help to strengthen muscles, improve blood circulation, increase flexibility and provide reliable support for the musculoskeletal system. Moreover, they help improve concentration and attention during exercise.

Studies have shown that regular exercise is a useful and effective means of preventing the spread and occurrence of diseases such as osteochondrosis, arthritis, arthrosis, bursitis, and others.

Various methods of physical exercises, taking into account the peculiarities of academic workload and the possibility of pauses for physical activity during theoretical classes. Recommendations are given on how to choose the optimal time and intensity of exercises to maximize benefits and minimize fatigue. The results of the study can be used by teachers and students seeking to ensure a balanced approach to learning that promotes not only intellectual development but also physical abilities.

This article looks at an innovative approach to physical health and shows how you can combine theory and practice to always have a strong and healthy body. Performing special physical exercises during theoretical classes can effectively prevent diseases of the musculoskeletal system. This approach proves to be simple, accessible, and useful for everyone, especially for those who spend a lot of time sitting in a sedentary position in theory classes or working individually at a computer.

That is, students studying at a higher education institution receive not only general and professionally oriented physical and motor training, but also a system of knowledge on the basics of a healthy lifestyle and the theory and methods of physical education. Non-specialized physical education is a level of assimilation of physical culture values, mastery of special knowledge and vital motor actions and, as a result, a level of physical activity and somatic health that allows for the effective formation of physical culture in a young person’s personality.

Key words: physical education minute, musculoskeletal system, higher education institution, students, physical exercises, classes.


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