Author (s): Shymko V.A.

Work place:

Shymko V.A.,

Doctor of Sciences (Psychology),

Senior Researcher, Head of the Department of Psychological Assistance and Innovations in Probation, State Establishment “Probation Center”

(81 Ilienka Street, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine,

email: shymko@outlook.com)

ORCID: 0000-0003-4937-6976;

Scopus Author ID 57204110630;

Researcher ID C-8373-2017


Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2023. № 2 (11): 253–268



This article explores the cognitive and motivational-value characteristics of probation subjects who have been convicted of collaboration activities. The research aims to investigate the psychological mechanisms influencing the behavior of collaborators and their impact on the rehabilitation and reintegration process.

The study is based on the results of a pilot survey of probation subjects conducted in 2022 by the Sector of Psychological Assistance and Innovations in Probation. The analysis revealed that collaborators use social media and television significantly less frequently compared to probation staff, with a particular emphasis on limited use of social media.

Researchers identified differences in the choice of information sources between collaborators and probation personnel: the former more often use Telegram, while the latter prefer YouTube. These differences may indicate variability in cognitive styles and information perception between these groups.

The article also examines the influence of the information environment on the thinking of probation subjects: social media fosters verbal-logical thinking, whereas video content on YouTube activates visual-spatial thinking. The highlighted differences in activity and information perception can affect how subjects react to the presented information.

The research also emphasizes the need to expand the value space of probation subjects, as collaborators less frequently travel abroad compared to probation staff.

All these findings underscore the importance of considering the cognitive and motivational-value characteristics of probation subjects when developing rehabilitation and reintegration programs for collaborators. Combining different forms of thinking and taking into account their information environment can contribute to a more successful rehabilitation and reintegration of this group of individuals.

Key words: collaborationism, collaborationist, motivation, values, cognitive characteristics, probation.


  1. Kravchuk, О. and Bondarenko, М. (2022), “Collaborative activity: analysis of the new Article 111-1 of the Criminal Code”, NGO “Human Rights Vector”, Kyiv, available at: http://hrvector.org/podiyi/22-03-20-mbo.
  2. Kuznietsov, V. and Syiploky, М. (2022), “Criminal liability for collaborative activity as a new challenge today”, Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhhorod National University. Series: law, No. 18 (70), рр. 381–388, available at: https://doi.org/10.24144/2307-3322.2022.70.61.
  3. Berdnik, І. V. and Holovko, М. B. (2022), “The main guidelines for distinguishing collaborative activities from related criminal offenses”, New Ukrainian law, No. 15(2), рр. 156–162, available at: https://doi.org/10.51989/NUL.2022.2.22.
  4. Kuzmenko, О. V. (2022), “Peculiarities of forensic characteristics of collaborative activity”, Analytical and comparative jurisprudence, No. 2 (1), рр. 336–339. https://doi.org/10.24144/2788-6018.2022.01.60
  5. Matiushenko, О. І. (2022), “Problematic issues of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities for collaborative activities”, Bulletin of the Criminal Law Association of Ukraine, No. 11; 1(17), рр. 110–119. https://doi.org/10.21564/2311-9640.2022.17.257857
  6. Radutnyi, О. E. (2022), “Public appeals and objections as forms of informational collaborative activity under the Criminal Code of Ukraine”, Information and law, No. 27 (2 (41)), рр. 99–115.https://doi.org/10.37750/2616-6798.2022.2(41).270372
  7. Zaitsev, О. V. (2023), “Collaborative activity as a type of treason (according to the materials of judicial practice of 2014–2022)”, Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhhorod National University. Series: Law, No. 31; 2 (78), рр. 174–179. https://doi.org/10.24144/2307-3322.2023.78.2.27
  8. Perepelytsina, S. D. (2023), “Problems of bringing to criminal responsibility for collaborative activities”, Actual problems of modern science in the research of young scientists, cadets and students : materials of the All-Ukrainian scientific-practical conferene (Vinnytsia, 17 May, 2023), Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Vinnytsia, рр.415–418.
  9. Armstrong, J. A. (1968), “Collaborationism in World War II: The Integral Nationalist Variant in Eastern Europe”, The Journal of Modern History, No. 40 (3), рр. 396–410, available at: http://www.jstor.org /stable/1878147. https://doi.org/10.1086/240210
  10. Borovyk, M. (2018), “Collaboration and Collaborators in Ukraine During the Second World War: Between Myth and Memory” / in Grinchenko, G., Narvselius, E. (Eds.), Traitors, Collaborators and Deserters in Contemporary European Politics of Memory, Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66496-5_12.
  11. Connelly, J. (2005), “Why the Poles Collaborated So Little–And Why That Is No Reason for Nationalist Hubris”, Slavic Review, No. 64 (4), рр. 771–781, available at: doi:10.2307/3649912.
  12. Dethlefsen, H. (1990), “Denmark and the German occupation: Cooperation, negotiation or collaboration?” Scandinavian Journal of History, No. 15:1–2, рр. 193–206, available at: DOI: 10.1080/0346875
  13. Greene, D. (2008), Racial motivations for French collaboration during the Second World War: Uncovering the memory through film and memoirs, Clemson University ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
  14. Kapralski, S. (2018), “Collaboration and the Genocide of Roma in Poland” / in Grinchenko, G., Narvselius E. (Eds.), Traitors, Collaborators and Deserters in Contemporary European Politics of Memory, Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66496-5_9.
  15. Lemmes, F. (2008), “Collaboration in wartime France, 1940–1944”, European Review of History: Revue européenne d’histoire, No. 15:2, рр. 157–177, available at: DOI: 10.1080/13507480801931093.
  16. Marples, D. R. (1992), Wartime Collaboration in Ukraine: Some Preliminary Questions and Responses. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230376076_4
  17. Varley, K. (2014), Entangled Enemies: Vichy, Italy and Collaboration / in Broch, L. and Carrol, A. (Eds.), France in an Era of Global War, Palgrave Macmillan, London, рр. 1914–1945, available at: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137443502_9.
  18. Shymko, V. (2022), “Social-demographic and personality traits survey of convicted pro-russian collaborationists”, Harvard Dataverse, available at: https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/QGCQIV.


Full text .pdf

©2024. Penitentiary academy of Ukraine