Author (s): Pedorych A.V.

Work place:

Pedorych A.V.,

PhD in Pedagogy, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Humanitarian Disciplines,

Penitentiary Academy of Ukraine

(Honcha Street, 34, Chernihiv, 14000, Ukraine,


ORCID: 0000-0002-3429-3361

Scopus-Author ID 57208345070


Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2024. № 1 (12): 231–242


The article reveals the features of the critical thinking development and addresses to the main conditions and ways of building an educational process for the effective development of critical thinking in students of higher education.

The purpose of the study is the process of critical thinking development based on the study of educational material on logic by students of higher education.

The research methodology is based on modern educational and scientific approaches to the development of thinking, the development of critical thinking, active cognition and assessment of the environment, the ability to analyze business situations and problems, the development of professional skills for making current and strategic management decisions, etc.

Scientific novelty: it has been proven that the condition for the development of critical thinking of students of higher education is the study of logic, solving problematic tasks.

Conclusions. Classes in logic provide a wide range of necessary problem tasks for the development of critical thinking of students of higher education. Tasks in logic can involve both elementary calculations and tasks with complex calculations, both illustrative examples and sophisticated abstractions, long searches from the “general” and instant concentration of a large amount of information in the thesis, generally accepted stereotypes and the search for a solution to problem situations.

The main condition for the development of critical thinking in logic classes should be the solving of a task constructed in a certain way by students. A logic task can be standard or non-standard, mathematical or not so much. The main thing is that a non-standard logical task should have some kind of surprise in it, should have an original character – whether it is an unusual condition of the task, an original idea, an unexpected solution. The ability to see the depth of the task, to distinguish the main from general details is important for solving this type of tasks.

Logic contributes to sharpening the skills of rational analysis, critical evaluation of the information flow. Logic is a necessary tool for the development of a person’s critical thinking.

Key words: critical thinking, logic, student of higher education, professional education, information.


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