Author (s): Lіubych О.

Work place:

Lіubych О.

Ph.D. in History,

Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Social Disciplines,

Academy of the State Penitentiary Service, Chernihiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2020. № 1 (4): 65–74



In the article it is examined the Cossacks’ legal status concerning their public (zems’ki) and recruit duties in the first half of the ХІХ c. determined by The Russian Empire Code. In particular the special attention is given to the juridical sanction and development of mentioned duties, also to their kinds, processes of realization, forms and dimension of implementation. The article covers managing and administrating system of Malorussia Cossacks (Regulations 17.01.1834). The Malorussia Cossacks system is proved to save features of state peasant managing and to differ from full Cossacks forces which saved the basis of Ukrainian Cossack’s forces heritage. The article deals with one of the important problems of the social and economic history of the Livoberezhne Cossacks in the middle of the 19 century. Reviewed the development of the Ukrainian Cossack farms in Russia in the middle of the 19 century, the various spheres of economic activity Cossacks. Analyzes the role of the Livoberezhne Cossacks in the economic life of the country. In the article the author made an attempt to analyze the role and place of malorossian cossacks in social system of Russian Empire. Аuthor examines the formation of Cossacks in the Russian state system, the influence of the frontier on his nature, especially the relationship of the state to the estate, the evolution of the relationship with the priorities of the state against the cossacks. The full-scale programme involved a change in administrative-territorial divisions, the creation of new police structures and principles of interaction with local elites, and police activity that would encompass the entire territory and population of Left-bank Ukraine. The goals and results of the Little Russian reform were determined by the fact that the imperial Russian centre lacked awareness of the realities of life in Left-bank Ukraine and the Enlightenment-inspired ideas of rationalising administration processes. The article deals with the use of the military potential of the Left-bank Ukrainian Cossacks by the Russian government during first thirty years of the XIX-th century; the conclusions are based on the published documents.

Key words: the Livoberezhne Cossacks, Ukrainian Cossacks, Cossack economy, Cossack economies, economic activity of Cossacks.


  1. Pavlovsky, I. (1910), „Little Russian Cossack regiments in the fight against the Poles in 1831”, Proceedings of the Poltava Provincial Scientific Archival Commission, 7, рр. 108–114.
  2. Storozhenko, P. (1897), „On the history of Little Russian Cossacks at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century”, Kiev antiquity, 4, рр. 124–156.
  3. The complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire (1832), 2nd ed, No. 5458, July 25, T. 7, рр. 398–402.
  4. The complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire (1834), 2nd ed, No. 6727, January 17, T. 9, рр. 46–52.
  5. Historical review of the fifty years of the Ministry of State Property 1837–1887 (1888), Part 2, Printing House of the Ministry of the Interior, St. Petersburg, 240 p.


Full text .pdf

©2024. Penitentiary academy of Ukraine