Author (s): Kukhar T. V., Shcherbata V. G.

Work place:

Kukhar T. V.,

PhD in Psychology, Senior Professor of the Department of Psychology;

Academy of the State Penitentiary Service, Chernihiv, Ukraine;

ORCID: 0000-0002-2352-323X

Shcherbata V. G.,

PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor,

Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology;

Academy of the State Penitentiary Service, Chernihiv, Ukraine;

ORCID: 0000-0002-1541-7605

Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2021. № 2 (7): 103–113


The purpose of the article. The purpose of this study is to identify features of perceptions of jealousy in adolescents.

Methodology. The basis of the study is theoretical analysis, synthesis, generalization, systematization of available scientific sources on this issue; use of methods of primary and secondary mathematical and statistical analysis of results, in particular the method of correlation analysis (Mann[1]Whitney correlation coefficient).

Results. As a result of the study it was found:

– most adolescents describe jealousy as an emotional and passionate feeling. In addition, girls present jealousy as a more emotional experience than boys;

– features of perceptions of jealousy depending on the sibling position of the subjects were revealed: the only children in the family present them as safe, “honest”, while for people who have siblings, jealousy is an emotional, insincere, threatening phenomenon;

– a statistically significant relationship between perceptions of jealousy and the presence of a close relationship with the opposite sex: subjects who have a close relationship, imagine feelings of jealousy conscious, but devoid of pleasant emotions, and for people who do not have a loved one, jealousy in the imagination causes joy, the positive emotions they seek to experience;

– a statistically significant relationship was found between the perceptions of respondents ‘jealousy and the peculiarities of interpersonal relationships in the parental family: people who have never observed quarrels due to their parents’ jealousy, feelings of jealousy seem calm and quiet, and for young people who witnessed quarrels – emotional , passionate and negatively colored;

– the following statistically significant differences were identified between young people’s perceptions of jealousy depending on their marital status: married people perceive feelings of jealousy as conscious, devoid of pleasant emotions, and for people who do not have a loved one, jealousy causes joyful emotions, but acts as an unconscious phenomenon. relationship with the opposite sex;

– the dependence of perceptions of jealousy on the style of reaction in conflict situations is revealed: people whose reaction in conflict is usually calm, jealousy is perceived as a safe and conscious feeling, and young people with violent or dependent on the partner’s reaction are dangerous, passionate.

Practical implications. The identified relationships between the perception of jealousy and sexual characteristics of respondents, their sibling positions, behavior in conflict, etc. can be taken into account when building a program of correctional work with adolescents who have difficulty in intimate personal communication with the opposite sex. In addition, the results obtained should be taken into account when conducting psychological and educational work with parents involved in raising children.

Value (originality). There were statistically significant differences in perceptions of jealousy of adolescents in terms of gender, sibling characteristics, characteristics of behavior in conflict, and so on.

Key words: jealousy, social thoughts, thoughts of jealousy, junior age.


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