Author (s): Borets Y. V., Shlimakova I. I.

Work place:

Borets Y. V.,

Candidate of Psychological Sciences,

Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology,

Academy of the State Penitentiary Service,Chernihiv, Ukraine;

Shlimakova I. I.

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor

Head of the Department of Ecological Psychology and Sociology of the

Taras Shevchenko National University «Chernihiv Collegium»,

Chernihiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Scientific Herald of Sivershchyna. Series: Education. Social and Behavioural Sciences 2018. № 1 (1): 19–32



In the article, the theoretical analysis shows that in the analysis of harmony, scientists widely use various concepts: general science (balance, integrity, integration), natural sciences (adaptation, health), humanistic (welfare, social maturity, personality maturity, mental balance). Mostly the phenomenon of harmony reveals the concept of coherence and expediency.

Theoretical generalizations of Homer, Hesiod, Aristotle, Heraclitus, Socrates, Plato, Hegel, Varia M., Adler A., Orban-Lembryk L., Motkova O., etc. prove that there is no single notion of harmony. In the context of psychological science, harmony is the internal and external ordering, coherence, integrity of phenomena and processes; a combination of individual or personal positive rice. Harmony is produced in the process of educating a person and its participation in the life of a certain collective.

Harmony of the personality is a person’s characteristic, determined by the measure of the optimality of the ratio of the strength of multi-directional and polar motivations with each other, with psychological executive capabilities and with behavioral manifestations (“agreement with oneself”), the level of constructiveness of relations with people and with the surrounding nature, the character of the prevailing emotional tone and so on.

Individual-typological characteristics of the individual are a significant factor in the determinism of its harmony.

Sobchik L. distinguishes the following individual and personal properties: emotions, anxiety, aggressiveness, sensitivity, spontaneity, introversion, extraversion, emotionality and rigidity.

We’ve analyzed the typology of individual-personal qualities and we can say that the formation of the idea of harmony and harmony among masters-students depends on the above properties.

Key words: personality, individual, harmony, correlation, extraversion, introversion.


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